Pradhan Mantri Matritva Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), previously known as Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY), is a maternity benefits program run by the government of India. It was introduced in 2010 and is implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development. It is a conditional cash transfer scheme for pregnant and lactating women of 19 years of age or above for the first live birth. It provides a partial wage compensation to women for wage-loss during childbirth and childcare and to provide conditions for safe delivery and good nutrition and feeding practices. In 2013, the scheme was brought under the National Food Security Act, 2013 to implement the provision of cash maternity benefit of ₹6,000 (US$87) stated in the Act. Presently, the scheme is implemented on a pilot basis in 53 selected districts and proposals are under consideration to scale it up to 200 additional ‘high burden districts’ in 2015-16.
This is a government plan. This scheme will help pregnancy and pregnant women in many ways, the plan has three main objectives.
-Promoting appropriate practice, care and institutional service utilization during pregnancy, delivery and lactation.-Encouraging the women to follow (optimal) nutrition and feeding practices, including early and exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months.
-Providing cash incentives for improved health and nutrition to pregnant and lactating mothers.
The Pradhan Mantri Matritva Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) was named as the Indira Gandhi Mercantile Cooperation Scheme during the reign of UPA (Congress), it has been given its second name. This scheme will be implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Central Government.
These plans are for pregnant and lactating women only, the benefits of this scheme are as follows:
Prior to this scheme, pregnant women and lactating mothers will be benefitted from the surviving child’s birth.
The benefit amount received through this scheme will be sent directly to the beneficiary’s bank account through the DBT mode.
According to the report, the government will pay the following amount in instalments.
-1st instalment: 1000 at the time of pregnancy registration
-2nd instalment: If they have done at least one preterm laboratory after six months of pregnancy then Rs 2,000.
-3rd instalment: When the birth of a child is registered and the child has the first vaccine, including BCG, OPV, DPT and hepatitis B.
The Prime Minister’s Maternity Vandana Scheme (PMMVY) will not be applicable for pregnant women and lactating mothers of low grade.
-Women who are in regular employment with central or state government or any public sector undertaking, will not get the benefit of this scheme.
-People who are equal beneficiaries under any other scheme or law.
The total budget for this scheme will be Rs. 12,661 crores which will be implemented between January 2017 and March 2020. In the total amount, Rs 7,932 crore will be borne by the Central Government while the remaining amount will be provided by the concerned State Governments.
Pradhan Mantri Matritva Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) to apply by Indian Central government of the Ministry of Women and Child Development for Improve health and cash incentives for pregnant women and lactating mothers. The eligible pregnant women and lactating mothers will get Rs. 6000/- fund by the government at home.
The scheme rechristened Maternity benefits programme is set to cover the entire nation. Prime Minister Narendra Modi, in his 2017 New Year’s Eve speech, announced that the scheme will be scaled up to cover 650 districts of the country. The announcement assumes significance as India accounts for 17% of all maternal deaths in the world. The country’s maternal mortality rate is pegged at 167 per 100,000 live births, whereas infant mortality is estimated at 43 per 1,000 live births. Among the primary causes of high maternal and infant mortality are poor nutrition and inadequate medical care during pregnancy and childbirth.