Here’s Everything You Need To Know About Filing An FIR
Majority of the population in our country are ignorant about some of the most basic laws that can prove to be helpful in many circumstances. Moreover, many of them do not even know how to file an FIR if needed.
With the crime rising every day, it is important that everyone is aware of the importance of an FIR and also needs to be informed about the entire procedure of filing an FIR.
So the question is what is FIR really. Well, in simpler terms, the First Information Report is a very importrant document of evidence and also an initial step needed to begin any criminal proceeding. It’s not always necessary that an FIR needs to be filled by a victim.
In fact, a witness to the incident or any person with knowledge of the incident can also file it. Also, in emergency situations where one can’t go in person and register an FIR, police can register an FIR based on a phone call or e-mail.
Since it is the most important document on which an entire structure of the prosecution case is built-up, you also need to be sure of few other things while filing it against a wrongdoer. Firstly, make sure to file the FIR as early as an incident occur and if somehow there is a delay in filing an FIR make sure that you have a reason for it too.
A delay in filing the FIR basically reduces the credibility of your claim because it gives rise to the idea that the claim might be a fabricated story instead.
Where to register FIR?
An FIR needs to be filled at a police station that comes under the geographical limits of where the crime has been occurred. In emergency cases, you can file the FIR at any police station and then later get it transferred to an appropriate police station. Even if you are away from the place of incident, you can still file an FIR in any police station, which is simply termed as a Zero FIR.
Here’s a procedure for filing FIR according to the Section 154 of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 in Indian law.
– When the information is being explained orally, it is a duty of a police officer that he/she must write it down.
– You should not shy away from your basic right, that is if you want your complaint to be read out by the officer, just to make sure if all the vital information has been recorded accordingly.
-After the complaint has been filed a signature is necessary by the person giving out the information.
-People who cannot read or write can use their thumb impressions on the document after verifying if it is a correct record.
-Finally, always keep a copy of the complaint and it is your right to get it free of cost.